The publication of ASEAN Journal of Open and Distance Learning (AJODL) is committed to the Ethics in Research and Publication Statement of Open University Malaysia. Thereby, the authors who publish their work in this journal as well as all other individuals involved in the publication of this journal are expected to be guided by the following principles. 1. Non-maleficence: where one is obliged not to cause any harm. 2. Integrity: where a researcher display highest integrity to ensure truth, and not to breach trust by the misconducts of fabrication, falsification or plagiarism. 3. Justice: where a researcher display and maintain equality and not to display any form of discrimination in their work. 4. Beneficence: where a researcher always aims to maximise the benefit and minimise risk, and never to exploit or to cause any harm, harassment or discomfort. 5. Respect for individual’s right, autonomy and dignity: where a researcher must base their work on fundamental respect for all individual by acknowledging their right, autonomy, and not to threaten their dignity. 6. Responsibility: where a researcher is obliged to display highest level of professionalism by maintaining highest level of competency and commitment towards the community and society they are engaged with. In line with the above principles, AJODL is committed to: a. maintain the integrity of the academic records by providing clear roles and responsibilities of its editor (also known as Editor-in-Chief), Editorial Board Members, reviewers, and authors; b. ensure confidentiality and respect for privacy by incorporating the double-blind peer review process in managing the journal; c. protect the intellectual property and copyright of the authors; and d. foster editorial independence through its policies.